Showing 1–12 of 30 results
The Fifth Beginning: What Six Million Years of Human History Can Tell Us About Our FutureArtist/Author: Kelly, Robert L.
“I have seen yesterday. I know tomorrow.” This inscription in Tutankhamun’s tomb summarizes The Fifth Beginning. Here, archaeologist Robert L. Kelly explains how the study of our cultural past can predict the future of humanity.
In an eminently readable style, Kelly identifies four key pivot points in the six-million-year history of human development: the emergence of technology, culture, agriculture, and the state. In each example, the author examines the long-term processes that resulted in a definitive, no-turning-back change for the organization of society. Kelly then looks ahead, giving us evidence for what he calls a fifth beginning, one that started about AD 1500. Some might call it “globalization”, but the author places it in its larger context: a five-thousand-year arms race, capitalism’s global reach, and the cultural effects of a worldwide communication network.
Kelly predicts that the emergent phenomena of this fifth beginning will include the end of war as a viable way to resolve disputes, the end of capitalism as we know it, the widespread shift toward world citizenship, and the rise of forms of cooperation that will end the near-sacred status of nation-states. It’s the end of life as we have known it. However, the author is cautiously optimistic: he dwells not on the coming chaos, but on humanity’s great potential.
1. The End of the World as We Know It
2. How Archaeologists Think
3. Sticks and Stones: The Beginning of Technology
4. Beads and Stories: The Beginning of Culture
5. Bread and Beer: The Beginning of Agriculture
6. Kings and Chains: The Beginning of the State
7. Nothing Lasts Forever: The Fifth Beginning
Nature’s Giants: The Biology and Evolution of the World’s Largest LifeformsArtist/Author: Ruxton, Graeme D
The past and present giants of our world – dinosaurs, whales, and even trees – are a source of unending fascination, and their sheer scale is awe-inspiring. Size is integral to the way that organisms experience the world: a puddle that a human being would step over without thinking is an entire world to thousands of microscopic rotifers. But why are creatures the size that they are? Why aren’t bugs the size of elephants, or whales the size of goldfish?
In this beautifully illustrated new book, biologist Graeme Ruxton explains how and why nature’s giants came to be so large, for example, how decreased oxygen levels limited the size of insects and how island isolation allowed small-bodied animals to evolve larger body sizes. Through a diverse array of examples, from huge butterflies to giant squid, Ruxton explores the physics, biology, and evolutionary drivers behind organism size, showing what it’s like to live large.
The Great Barrier Reef: Biology, Environment and Management (Second Edition)Artist/Author: Hutchings, Pat, Michael Kingsford, Ove Hoegh-Guldberg (Editors)
Describes the animals, plants and other organisms of the reef, and the biological, chemical and physical processes that influence them.
The iconic and beautiful Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is home to one of the most diverse ecosystems in the world.
With contributions from international experts, this timely and fully updated second edition of The Great Barrier Reef describes the animals, plants and other organisms of the reef, as well as the biological, chemical and physical processes that influence them. It contains new chapters on shelf slopes and fisheries and addresses pressing issues such as climate change, ocean acidification, coral bleaching and disease, and invasive species.
The Great Barrier Reef is a must-read for the interested reef tourist, student, researcher and environmental manager. While it has an Australian focus, it can equally be used as a reference text for most Indo-Pacific coral reefs.
The Cabaret of Plants: Botany and the Imagination.Artist/Author: Mabey, Richard.
In Richard Mabey’s characteristically lyrical and informative tone, The Cabaret of Plants explores plant species which have challenged our imaginations, awoken that cliched but real human emotion of wonder, and upturned our ideas about history, science, beauty and belief. Picked from every walk of life, they encompass crops, weeds, medicines, religious gathering-places and a water lily named after a queen. Beginning with pagan cults and creation myths, the cultural significance of plants has burst upwards, sprouting into forms as diverse as the panacea (the cure-all plant ginseng, a single root of which can cost up to $10,000), Newton’s apple, the African ‘vegetable elephant’ or boabab, whose swollen trunks store thousands of litres of water – and the mystical, night-flowering Amazonian cactus, the moonflower. From Ice Age artists, to the Romantic poets, via colonialism and the nineteenth century botanical mania of empire, Mabey concludes his magnum opus with the latest revelations of possible ‘plant intelligence’ in this extraordinary collection of encounters between plants and people.
Primate CommunitiesArtist/Author: Fleagle, J. G. et al.
Comprehensive and unique volume exploring the differences and similarities between primate communities worldwide.
Although the behaviour and ecology of primates have been more thoroughly studied than that of any other group of mammals, there have been very few attempts to compare the communities of living primates found in different parts of the world. In Primate communities, an international group of experts compares the composition, behaviour and ecology of primate communities in Africa, Asia, Madagascar and South America. They examine the factors underlying the similarities and differences between these communities, including their phylogenetic history, climate, rainfall, soil type, forest composition, competition with other vertebrates and human activities. As it brings together information about primate communities from around the world for the very first time, it will quickly become an important source book for researchers in anthropology, ecology and conservation, and a readable and informative text for undergraduate and graduate students studying primate ecology, primate conservation or primate behaviour.
Nature’s Great EventsArtist/Author: Bass, Karen, editor.
OUT OF PRINT. Nature’s Great Events is a landmark television series showcasing our planet’s most spectacular natural events and the global climatic phenomena which transform entire landscapes, drawing in millions of animals and determining their fate. The series combines the epic scale of the BBC One’s “Planet Earth” with the intimate, emotional stories of individual animals as they struggle to survive.
This book closely follows the structure of the television series. In addition words, pictures, and graphics provide an eyewitness experience and reveal the mechanisms of the different events. Each chapter is set in a different location on our planet and shows how immensely powerful natural forces can drive chain reactions involving everything from microscopic organisms to entire tracts of rainforest, ultimately culminating in a spectacular natural event.
From the flooding of the Okavango Delta in Southern Africa, attracting great herds of near starving elephants into the jaws of waiting lions, to the melting of the Arctic ice disrupting hunting polar bears, both book and television series follow the fortunes of a few key characters before during and after each great event.
Visual strategies: a practical guide to graphics for scientists and engineers.Artist/Author: Frankel, Felice C. and Angela H. DePace.
This book provides scientists and engineers who communicate research results with an indispensable tool. To assist researchers who have little or no previous design training, this guide sets out clear frameworks and offers abundant examples for creating effective visual graphics for use in multiple contexts, including journal submissions, grant proposals, conference posters, or presentations. Visual communicator Felice Frankel and systems biologist Angela DePace, along with experts in various fields, demonstrate how small changes can vastly improve the success of a graphic image. They dissect individual graphics, show why some work while others don’t, and suggest specific improvements.
Seal.Artist/Author: Dickenson, Victoria.
Reaktion Animal Series. From swimming alongside our boats to lurking alone in the shadowy waters of remote seas, seals have long interacted with humans and played a part in our history. In this book, Dickenson explores the natural and cultural history of an animal that has piqued and delighted human interest since ancient times, from their role in Roman spectacles to their frequent inhabitation of animal rescue centers today. Seals, sea lions, fur seals and walruses are so distinctive that biologists have classified them as members of a single order, the Pinnipedia, yet our relationship with each distinctive seal species varies. We have for centuries hunted some seals for their skin, oil and meat. In the twentieth- and twenty-first century the hunt has become a focus for global protest, and the white-furred baby seal has evolved into one of the most powerful symbols for animal welfare. Some species, like the Mediterranean monk seal, are among the most endangered mammals in the world. Others, who live far from human habitation, number in the millions. The seals living closer to our societies have become wrapped in our myths and legends: there are tales of seals who have sought out human society, following the sound of children’s voices, or the music of the pipe and flute; and there are darker stories of selkies and other seal-like creatures that take on human shape for purposes of both good and ill.
Richly illustrated and accessibly written, Seal offers an immersive view of a much-loved, storied creature.
Camera Trapping: Wildlife Management and ResearchArtist/Author: Meek, Paul and Peter Fleming.
Camera trapping in wildlife management and research is a growing global phenomenon. The technology is advancing very quickly, providing unique opportunities for collecting new biological knowledge. This text provides a benchmark of the international developments and uses of camera traps for monitoring wildlife for research and management. Four major themes are presented: case studies demonstrating camera trapping for monitoring; the constraints and pitfalls of camera technologies; design standards and protocols for camera trapping surveys; and the identification, management and analyses of the myriad images that derive from camera trapping studies. The final chapter provides future directions for research using camera traps. In addition, remarkable photographs are included, showing interesting, enlightening and entertaining images of animals ‘doing their thing’.
Nature Anatomy: The Curious Parts and Pieces of the Natural WorldArtist/Author: Rothman, Julia and John Niekrasz.
See the world in a new way! Acclaimed illustrator Julia Rothman celebrates the diverse curiosities and beauty of the natural world in this exciting new volume. With whimsical illustrations, every page is an extraordinary look at all kinds of subjects, from mineral formation and the inside of a volcano to monarch butterfly migration, the ecosystem of a rotting log, the parts of a bird, the anatomy of a jellyfish, and much more. With a definite focus on plants and animals found in North America, this book provides a charming introduction to the natural world.
Primer in Biological Data Analysis and Visualization Using RArtist/Author: Hartvigsen, Gregg.
Drawing on Gregg Hartvigsen’s extensive experience teaching biology, this text is an engaging, practical, and lab-oriented introduction to R for students in the life sciences. Underscoring the importance of R and RStudio to the organization, computation, and visualization of biological statistics and data, Hartvigsen guides readers through the processes of entering data into R, working with data in R, and using R to express data in histograms, boxplots, barplots, scatterplots, before/after line plots, pie charts, and graphs. He covers data normality, outliers, and nonnormal data and examines frequently used statistical tests with one value and one sample; paired samples; more than two samples across a single factor; correlation; and linear regression. The volume also includes a section on advanced procedures and a final chapter on possible extensions into programming, featuring a discussion of algorithms, the art of looping, and combining programming and output.
Shark’s paintbrush: biomimicry and how nature is inspiring innovation.Artist/Author: Harman, Jay.
Today an interdisciplinary and international group of scientists, inventors, and engineers is turning to nature to innovate and find elegant solutions to human problems. The principle driving this transformation is called biomimicry, and Harman shares a wide range of examples of how we’re borrowing from natural models to invent profitable, green solutions to pressing industrial challenges. Aimed at a business audience, aspiring entrepreneurs, environmentalists, and general science readers, The Shark’s Paintbrush reflects a force of change in the new global economy that does more than simply gratify human industrial ambition; it teaches us how to live in harmony with nature and opens bright opportunities for a better future.
Among the many fascinating topics Jay explores: what the human heart and dust devils have in common, and how this parallel structure can lead to better technologies in medicine; how studying seaweed can lead to resistance-free antibiotics; how the noxious-smelling durian fruit can offer ideas for helping humans live on Mars; how a single whale affords us a vast library of design expertise and information that can revolutionize industries as diverse as medical, aerospace, and emergency pollution response following oil spills and catastrophic tsunamis; how the blowfly maggot could lead to breakthroughs in materials science, helping to lower production costs and manufacture higher-efficiency substances; and, how the tiny scales making up the skin of sharks are being replicated on boats and airplanes to reduce drag and increase fuel efficiency. Also available in hardcover [stock id 35654].